Dooars or Duars actually means a door, a gateway. Dooars is a gateway to Bhutan from India. The towns of Jaigaon, Siliguri and Phuentsholing are important hubs of the export-import industry. Commonly Dooars in Bengal is referred as “North Bengal”. Dooars once ruled by Koch dynasty is also known as Kamata Kingdom. The Palace of the Kamata Kings is in Cooch Behar (also pronounced as Kochbehar), the district of West Bengal.
The people residing here belong to numerous tribal tribes such as Mechia, Bodo, Rabha, Limbu, Lepcha, Koch Rajbongshi, Tamang, Santhal. Most of the people found here are from Nepali community. Beside the tribals, the population of Bengali is also in large.
Dooars is a large region with many towns and cities and is famous for Tea Gardens and Wildlife. The beautiful view of Tea Gardens in slopes and hills give immense pleasure to the viewers. The beauty of Dooars is not only limited to Tea gardens but also in the dense jungles that make up the country side. Many wildlife sanctuaries and National parks are located in this region. The herd of Elephants, Bisons and many other rare species are found in Dooars.
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Jaldapara National Park was established in 1941 and is full of varieties of flora and fauna. Jaldapara National Park is famous for one horned Rhinoceros. This park holds largest Rhino population in India after Kaziranga in Assam. The forest is mainly savannah covered with tall elephant grasses.
Other animals found in this park include Indian leopard, Indian elephants, sambar, barking deer, spotted deer, hog deer, wild pigs and bison. Jaldapara is a paradise for bird watchers. It is one of the very few places in India, where the Bengal florican is sighted.
Many of the animals in the park are endangered, like the Indian one-horned rhino and elephants.
After Jaldapara, Gorumara National Park is a noted park in Dooars. The park has been declared as the best among the protected areas in India by the Ministry of Environment and Forests for the year 2009. The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949, on account of its breeding population of Indian rhinoceros. It was declared an Indian National Park on January 31, 1994.
The park is located in the Malbazar subdivision of Jalpaiguri district, in the state of West Bengal. The Park Forest bungalow dates back to the British Raj era, and contain a well-maintained log book from its inception, which makes for interesting reading.
The park is rich in large herbivores including Indian rhinoceros, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and sambar deer. Small herbivores include barking deer, hog deer and wild boar. Tigers are, however, occasionally spotted here.
The park is closed in the Monsoon season from 16 June to 15 September. The best time to visit Gorumara is from November to March.
Buxa Tiger Reserve is a 760 square kilometer tiger reserve inside the Buxa National Park. Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. Its northern boundary runs along the international border with Bhutan. To the south-west, the Chilapata Forests form an elephant corridor to the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary.
The forest is divided into two divisions: East and West. The Himalayan griffon, beautiful Nutuch, four different varieties of hornbill and the red breasted Himalayan partridge are important birds in this reserve. Among the wild animals, clouded leopard, tiger, wild dog, pangolin, Himalayan black bear are rare. Buxa Fort is an important landmark for this reserve.
Rajabhatkhawa is a small town situated just outside the Buxa Tiger Reserve in the Alipurduar district of West Bengal, India. It is known for its natural beauty, surrounded by forest. All the permits for the entry to the Buxa Tiger reserve can be taken from here.
From Buxa, one can also take the 13 km trek route for Jayanti via Mahakal Cave through the dense jungle. An expert guide and entry permit are must for trekking in Buxa hills. One can have a park safari by car or jeep by taking permission from the Forest Office at Rajabhatkhawa or at Jayanti.
Cooch Behar lies in the foothills of Eastern Himalayas, in the North of West Bengal. The name Cooch Behar is derived from the name of the Koch or Rajbongshi tribes indigenous to this region for many centuries. Cooch Behar District became part of the state of West Bengal on 19 January 1950. Coochbehar is a district of West Bengal.
Cooch Behar is the only planned town in North Bengal region with remnants of royal heritage. Most of the tourist visit Cooch Behar to see the Cooch Behar Palace and Madan Mohan Temple.
Coochbehar has been also declared as a heritage town. Cooch Behar is very well connected by road with neighbouring areas and other cities of North Bengal, South Bengal and rest of the country.
Communities that inhabit Cooch Behar include the Bengalis, Rajbangsi, Gorkha, Marwaris and Biharis. Commonly spoken languages include Bengali and Hindi. English and Assamese are understood by most of the people.