Bhutan, Kingdom of Bhutan, is a beautiful country with fantastic landscape and scenery. The country is a paradise on Earth for nature lover.
Bhutan is located in the Eastern Himalayas; it is bordered by China in the north and India in the south. Bhutan is smallest state in Asia and is the region’s second least populous nation after Maldives. Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan also a largest city in Bhutan.
Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary form of government. The reigning monarch is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. The King of Bhutan is known as the "Dragon King". Bhutan is also notable for pioneering the concept of gross national happiness. The country's landscape ranges from lush subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan mountains in the north, where there are peaks in excess of 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The highest mountain in Bhutan is the Gangkhar Puensum, which is also a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. There is also diverse wildlife in Bhutan.
The climate in Bhutan varies with elevation, from subtropical in the south to temperate in the highlands and polar-type climate, with year-round snow in the north. Bhutan experiences five distinct seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. Western Bhutan has the heavier monsoon rains; southern Bhutan has hot humid summers and cool winters; central and eastern Bhutan is temperate and drier than the west with warm summers and cool winters.
Bhutan has a rich primate life, with rare species such as the golden langur. The Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, hispid hare and the sloth bear live in the lush tropical lowland and hardwood forests in the south.
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Bhutanese people primarily consist of the Ngalops and Sharchops, called the Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese respectively. The Ngalops primarily consist of Bhutanese living in the western part of the country. Their culture is closely related to that of Tibet.
The national language is Bhutanese (Dzongkha). The national language is Bhutanese (Dzongkha). The national dress for Bhutanese men is the gho, a knee-length robe tied at the waist by a cloth belt known as the kera. Women wear an ankle-length dress, the kira, which is clipped at the shoulders with two identical brooches called the koma and tied at the waist with kera. An accompaniment to the kira is a long-sleeved blouse, the wonju which is worn underneath the kira. A long-sleeved jacket-like garment, the toego is worn over the kira. The sleeves of the wonju and the tego are folded together at the cuffs, inside out.
Masked dances and dance dramas are common traditional features at festivals, usually accompanied by traditional music. Energetic dancers, wearing colourful wooden or composition face masks and stylized costumes, depict heroes, demons, dæmons, death heads, animals, gods, and caricatures of common people. The dancers enjoy royal patronage, and preserve ancient folk and religious customs and perpetuate the ancient lore and art of mask-making.
There are varieties of Mask available beautifully carved on Woods. The masked were painted with especial type of colors commonly known as bhutanese color. Mask were also available for sale to tourist in tradational stores of Bhutan.
Tiger’s Nest Monastery is also known as Paro Taktsang or Taktsang Palphug Monastery. It is a sacred site and is located in the cliffside of the upper Paro valley in Bhutan.
It is called Tiger’s Nest because it is believed that Guru Rinpoche had arrived here from Tibet on the back of a tiger to spread Buddhism in Bhutan and have meditated here for years. Paro Taktsang is the best known of the thirteen taktsang or "tiger lair" caves in which Guru Padmasambhava have meditated.
The monastery is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the north of Paro and hangs on a precarious cliff at 3,120 metres (10,240 ft), about 900 metres (3,000 ft) above the Paro valley, on the right side of the Paro Chu (River). The rock slopes are very steep (almost vertical) and the monastery buildings are built into the rock face.
The place can be visited on a horse/pony upto certain point and then will needed steep walk and some narrow stairs towards the monastery itself. The trail crosses a chapel of butter lamps and descends to a waterfall by the Snow Lion Cave.
The view of this place is just magnificent and can’t be described in words.
The peak of the Zuri Dzong Trek is probably the perfect spot to have a bird-eye view of the entire Paro valley. The Zuri Dzong is the oldest Dzong in Bhutan.
The place is also sacred as it is believed that in 8th Century, Buddha came here to meditate. This peaceful place allows both Bhutanese and tourists to soak in the tranquil that radiates from the extraordinary view, something one can stare at for hours in wonder and awe. The total journey time to get there will take approximately 30 minutes if one starts from the museum watchtower, and an additional 1 hour to exit out towards Uma.
Tourists can expect to sit and relax there, and also remember to catch the amazing side view as you hike through Trek.